Arthritis is a widespread physical problem and is estimated to affect nearly 50% of the elderly population. Arthritis is also the leading cause of disability of those 65 and older. There are many types of arthritis with the most common type being osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is also called degenerative joint disease.
The cause and cure for arthritis are not exactly known, but arthritis is affected by family genetics and wear and tear on the joints in the body. Arthritis is when the cartilage that acts as a pad between bones in the joints of the body wears down. Sometimes the cartilage is gone altogether and occasionally the ends of the bones grow too thick. This leads to bones rubbing together and also affects movement of the joint. Arthritis causes lack of mobility, as well as pain, swelling and stiffness.
To protect your joints from damage there are a couple of things that can help prevent arthritis and stay active. Avoid overusing the joints by doing vigorous exercise, instead do steady regular exercise. Losing weight is also very helpful, especially on the knees. Other suggestions are to use a mobility device, do not lift heavy objects, see a physical therapist and take any medication they may suggest.