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Glossary

    A

    Airway Collapse – occurs with persons that suffer from Sleep Apnea and prevents oxygen from flowing.
    Ambulatory Oxygen – pertains to the ability to be mobile while using oxygen.
    Arthritis - A group of conditions that relate to damaged joints in the body. One of the leading causes of disability in Senior citizens.
    Assistive Technology – the utilization of technology in order to assist, adapt, or rehabilitate patients.
    Authorized Medicare Provider – an organization that is approved to bill and receive payment through Medicare. Orbit Medical is an authorized Medicare Provider.

    B

    Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure Therapy (BiPAP) – utilizes a machine to increase air pressure in your throat so that your airway does not collapse while sleeping. BiPAP differs from CPAP in that there are 2 different pressure settings.

    C

    Cancer - also known as malignant neoplasm, is a class of diseases where a group of cells exhibit the traits of uncontrolled growth, invasion and or metastasis. In many cases a tumor will form but not always.
    Central Sleep Apnea (CSA) – the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe.
    Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) - is the disruption of the blood supply to the brain, caused by a blocked artery or vein leading to the brain. CVA results in loss of consciousness followed by paralysis. There are two kinds of CVA, Ischemic and Hemorrhagic.
    Certificate of Medical Necessity – a detailed prescription that substantiates a patients medical necessity.
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - is a disease that affects the lungs and damages them. It occurs when the airways or tubes in the lungs are partially obstructed, making it harder to breathe. Smoking is the most common cause of COPD.
    Clinical Depression - a psychiatric disorder, common signs are a loss of interest in usual activities and lack of ability to experience pleasure.
    Congestive Heart Failure(CHF) - occurs when the heart does not pump enough blood to supply all the organs in the body .The heart in this case is exhausted and does not work as efficiently as it is supposed to.
    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy (CPAP) – uses a machine to increase air pressure in your throat so that your airway does not collapse while sleeping.
    Coronary Artery - In General there are two main arteries that arise one from the left and one from the right side of the aorta immediately above the semi lunar valves and supply the tissues of the heart itself. Both arteries are instrumental in facilitating blood supply.
    Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) - is a condition that occurs when plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood.

    D

    Dimentia - results from damage or disease in the brain and is characterized as a progressive decline in cognitive function that does not culminate simply from aging.
    Diabetes - a disease in which the body does not properly regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. As a result, the level of sugar in the blood is too high. This disease occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly.
    Durable Medical Equipment (DME) – defined by Medicare as reusable equipment such as walkers, wheelchairs, CPAP machines, or hospital beds.

    E

    Electric Wheelchair – Battery powered wheelchair that allows greater mobility for individuals that have restricted movement.
    Emphysema - is a long term disease that progresses throughout years and primarily causes shortness of breath. Emphysema is referred to an obstructive lung disease due to the deterioration of tissues that support the lungs making the airways called bronchioles unable to properly hold their shape when one exhales.

    H

    Heart Disease – also known as cardiac disease and is the number 1 killer in the U.S. and a major cause of disabilities. The most common cause is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries.
    High Blood Pressure – also known as hypertension, in adults is defined as blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg systolic pressure or greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg diastolic pressure.
    HomeFill II Oxygen System – Manufactured by Invacare an approved Orbit Medical supplier. Allows patients to safely fill their own high pressure oxygen tanks, from the comfort of their own home.
    Hypertensive Heart Disease (Hypertension)- takes place when the heart must work harder to circulate blood throughout the body, as a result arteries expand to hold more blood and begin a degenerative process which leads to heart failure. Hypertension is the extra blood pressure that the arteries experience.

    I

    Invacare – approved Orbit Medical manufacturer.
    Insurance Filing - refers to the process that the insured must go through in order to utilize insurance benefits.

    M

    Medicaid – a health insurance program administered by individual states. Coverage is provided to individuals with low income or high medical bills. Eligibility depends on age, disability or family status and on an individual's (or family's) income and resources.
    Medicare – A federal health insurance program for persons age 65 and older, certain persons under 65 with disabilities and certain people with kidney disease.
    Mixed Sleep Apnea (MSA) – a combination of blocked airways and the brain failing to signal the muscles to breathe.
    Mobility – the ability to move freely. Take our mobility quiz and see if you are a good candidate for mobility products.
    Mobility Specialist – an experienced individual that helps customers file paper work and determines which products are best for the customer.
    Motorized Wheelchair – Battery powered wheelchair that allows greater mobility for individuals that have restricted movement.
    Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord thereby affecting muscle control, vision and body balance. With MS, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks itself, instead of attacking and targeting foreign bodies in the immune system.

    N

    Neuropathy - causes pain and numbness in your hands and feet. The pain typically is described as tingling or burning, while the loss of sensation often is compared to the feeling of wearing a thin stocking or glove. Neuropthy is not considered a disease itself, it is usually derived from a pre existing condition.

    O

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) - caused by a blockage of the airway.
    Osteoporosis - is the density loss of bones, making them fragile and weak. It has been described as making the bone structure like a sponge, which makes bones more likely to break and fracture.
    Oxygen – increases airflow to the respiratory system when breathing is difficult or impossible.

    P

    Parkinson Disease - affects the central nervous system and impairs motor skills and speech.
    Power Wheelchair – Battery powered wheelchair that allows greater mobility for individuals that have restricted movement.

    R

    Recessed Chin – also known as Retrognathia, is the abnormal positioning of one or both jaws, relative to the facial skeleton and soft tissues. Sleep Apnea is a potential result from the presence of a recessed chin.
    Resmed – approved Orbit Medical manufacturer.

    S

    Secondary Insurance Providers – provides additional insurance above and beyond what a primary insurer will cover.
    Sleep Apnea – translated from Greek, Apnea literally means without breath. There are three types: Obstructive, Central, and Mixed. In any event the brain briefly awakes individuals with Sleep Apnea in order for them to continue breathing.
    Sleep Therapy – the treatment of diseases or disorders that inhibit regular sleep patterns.
    Spinal Stenosis - is the slandering spaces in the spine that leads to pressure on the spinal cord and the nerve roots. It can result in low back pain as well as pain or abnormal sensations in the buttocks, legs, thighs, feet, or in extreme cases loss of bladder and bowel control.
    Stroke – occurs when blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the brain become obstructed. Without oxygen nerve cells in the brain can not function and begin to die.

    T

    Trained Technician – delivers Orbit Medical products to customers and educates customers on product utilization.